Evolution[ edit ] Frederick Jackson Turner, c. They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization.
Awarded his doctorate inhe was one of the first historians professionally trained in the United States rather than Europe. Turner began his teaching career at the University of Wisconsin in Nevertheless, he made it clear that his historical writing was shaped by a contemporary agenda.
Adams, his mentor at Johns Hopkinshad argued that all significant American institutions derived from German and English antecedents. Rebelling against this view, Turner argued instead that Europeans had been transformed by the process of settling the American continent and that what was unique about the United States was its frontier history.
He traced the social evolution of frontier life as it continually developed across the continent from the primitive conditions experienced by the explorer, trapper, and trader, through maturing agricultural stages, finally reaching the complexity of city and factory.
Turner held that the American character was decisively shaped by conditions on the frontier, in particular the abundance of free land, the settling of which engendered such traits as self-reliance, individualisminventiveness, restless energy, mobility, materialism, and optimism.
For a scholar of such wide influence, Turner wrote relatively few books. The follow-up to that study, The United States, — The Nation and Its Sectionswould not be published until after his death. Turner may have had difficulty writing books, but he was a brilliant master of the historical essay.
The winner of an oratorical medal as an undergraduate, he also was a gifted and active public speaker. His deep, melodious voice commanded attention whether he was addressing a teachers group, an audience of alumni, or a branch of the Chautauqua movement.
In these writings Turner promoted new methods in historical research, including the techniques of the newly founded social sciences, and urged his colleagues to study new topics such as immigration, urbanization, economic development, and social and cultural history. He also commented directly on the connections he saw between the past and the present.
Turner hoped that stability would replace mobility as a defining factor in the development of American society and that communities would become stronger as a result.
Turner taught at the University of Wisconsin untilwhen he accepted an appointment to a distinguished chair of history at Harvard University. Poor health forced his early retirement from Harvard in Turner moved to the Huntington Library in San Marino, Californiawhere he remained as senior research associate until his death.The Significance of the Frontier and Turner’s Thesis Essay Sample.
The American nation has had a lot of things to experience which forms part of its history as outlined by many writers in their books and articles such as The Significance of the Frontier. Frederick Jackson Turner, “Significance of the Frontier in American History” () Perhaps the most influential essay by an American historian, Frederick Jackson Turner’s address to the American Historical Association on “The Significance of the Frontier in American History” defined for many Americans the relationship between the frontier and American culture and contemplated what.
His paper, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” permanently altered the study of American history in schools, colleges, and universities. Turner’s famous paper often was reprinted, but it was not until that he presented the first full statement of his theory of the frontier.
"The Significance of the Frontier in American History" () Frederick Jackson Turner's essay, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," written in , is perhaps the most influential essay ever read at the American Historical Association's annual conference.
Turner first detailed his own interpretation of American history in his justly famous paper, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” delivered at a meeting of historians in Chicago in and published many times thereafter.
Put forth by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in his paper, “The Significance of the Frontier in American History,” his thesis asserted that the existence of a frontier and its settlement had shaped American character; given rise to individualism, independence, and self-confidence; and fostered the American spirit of invention and adaptation.