However, it may be analyzed in terms of biology—a girl must pass puberty to become a woman—and sociology, as a great deal of mature relating in social contexts is learned rather than instinctive. In gender studies the term gender refers to proposed social and cultural constructions of masculinities and femininities.
Anxiety disorders Disorder develops more quickly For both sexes, marijuana use disorder is associated with an increased risk of at least one other mental health condition, such as depression or anxiety.
However, men who are addicted to marijuana have higher rates of other substance use problems as well as antisocial personality disorders.
By contrast, women who are addicted to marijuana have more panic attacks 39 and anxiety disorders. Women may also be more sensitive than men to cocaine's effects on the heart and blood vessels. In contrast, female and male cocaine users show similar deficits in learning, concentration, and academic achievement, even if women had been using it longer.
Female cocaine users are also less likely than male users to exhibit abnormalities of blood flow in the brain's frontal regions. These findings suggest a sex-related mechanism that may protect women from some of the detrimental effects of cocaine on the brain. Weight loss is another incentive women cite for methamphetamine use—and one reported significantly more by women than by men.
In rare cases, this can lead to increased water in the spaces between cells, which may eventually produce swelling of the brain and even death. Young women are more likely than men to die from this reaction, with almost all reported cases of death occurring in young females between the ages of 15 and One possibility is that women who inject heroin are more likely than their male counterparts to also use prescription drugs—a dangerous combination.
Women who do not overdose within these first few years are more likely than men to survive in the long term. This could be due to differences in treatment and other environmental factors that impact heroin use. Prescription drug misuse can be dangerous if mixed together without a physician's guidance, or mixed with other drugs or alcohol.
Prescription Opioids Some research indicates that women are more sensitive to pain than men 68 and more likely to have chronic pain, 69 which could contribute to the high rates of opioid prescriptions among women of reproductive age. Research also suggests that women are more likely to misuse prescription opioids to self-treat for other problems such as anxiety or tension.
However, from todeaths from prescription opioid overdoses increased more rapidly for women percent or sevenfold than for men percent or fourfold. Women between the ages of 45 and 54 are more likely than women of other age groups to die from a prescription opioid overdose.
Anti-Anxiety Medications and Sleeping Aids Women are more likely to seek treatment for misuse of central nervous system depressants, 14 which include sedatives sometimes prescribed to treat seizures, sleep disorders, and anxiety, and to help people fall asleep prior to surgery.
Women are also more likely than men to die from overdoses involving medications for mental health conditions, like antidepressants. Antidepressants and benzodiazepines anti-anxiety or sleep drugs send more women than men to emergency departments. Other Substances Alcohol In general, men have higher rates of alcohol use, including binge drinking.
However, young adults are an exception: For example, heavy drinking is associated with increased risk of having unprotected sex, resulting in pregnancy or disease, 80 and an increased risk of becoming a victim of violence and sexual assault. In addition, drinking as little as one drink per day is associated with a higher risk of breast cancer in some women, especially those who are postmenopausal or have a family history of breast cancer.
In fact, after drinking comparable amounts of alcohol, women have higher blood ethanol concentrations. Nicotine Tobacco Research indicates that men and women differ in their smoking behaviors. For instance, women smoke fewer cigarettes per day, tend to use cigarettes with lower nicotine content, and do not inhale as deeply as men.
Because this decline in smoking was greater among men than women, the prevalence of smoking is only slightly higher for men today than it is for women. Several factors appear to be contributing to this narrowing gender gap, including women being less likely than men to quit and more likely to relapse if they do quit.However, only a few studies have examined whether these different categories overlap in their stereotypes.
A new study on the connections between race and gender -- a phenomenon called gendered race -- reveals unexpected ways in which stereotypes affect our personal and professional decisions.
Frequently Asked Questions about the Gender Pay Gap September 12, What is the gender pay gap?
Why does the gender pay gap matter? Is the pay gap a myth? Large racial and gender wage gaps in the U.S. remain, even as they have narrowed in some cases over the years. Among full- and part-time workers in the U.S., blacks in earned just 75% as much as whites in median hourly earnings and women earned 83% as much as men.
Looking at gender, race . How blacks and whites view the state of race in America. There are large gaps between blacks and whites in their views of race relations and racial inequality in the United States.
Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and barnweddingvt.coming on the context, these characteristics may include biological sex (i.e., the state of being male, female, or an intersex variation), sex-based social structures (i.e., gender roles), or gender identity.
Traditionally, people who identify as men or women or use masculine or. Mar 27, · We wrote last week about a sweeping new study of income inequality in the United States, and how it varies by race and gender. The data, including virtually all .