The successive waves of Turkic migrations had driven unrelated individuals and groups across central… The Ottoman state to The political, economic, and social institutions of the classical Islamic empires were amalgamated with those inherited from Byzantium and the great Turkish empires of Central Asia and were reestablished in new forms that were to characterize the area into modern times.
For years, the Ottoman Empire was the dominant political, cultural, and military force in the Middle East.
Originally the Turks were a nomadic horseman from Central Asia who embraced Islam in the ninth century. Under the Seljuk leader Tugrul they captured Baghdad.
The first major victory of the Seljuk Turks over Christians followed in when a Byzantine army was defeated near Lake Van. The Seljuk Sultanate survived until the early years of the fourteenth century when they were decimated by pagan Mongol hordes.
Local rulers then carved out principalities for themselves. Sultan Osman I founded the Ottoman Empire in as a loose confederation of Turkish beyliks, or ethnic tribes, united by their ambition for westward conquest and expansion.
Osman died in when his army was besieging the Byzantine city of Brusa Bursa today which was captured by his son and successor Orhan. Brusa became the first effective capitol of an Ottoman Sultanate Palmer, Paleologue who sought their military aid against a usurper.
The Ottomans quickly made vassals of the Bulgars and Serbs consolidating their Balkan gains by a decisive victory over the southern Slavs in June at Kosovo.
During this period the Ottomans penetrated deeply into Europe mounting raids across the farmlands of southern Hungary. They were checked by Janos Hunyadi in Transylvania in and outside Belgrade in Palmer, The city grid had been laid out by Emperor Constantine I in the 4th century, and the site soon became a coveted trading center, straddling both a land route between Europe and Asia and a seaway to the Mediterranean Weider History Group, For centuries Constantinople was the largest metropolis in the known world, the impregnable core of a great empire, served by a deep-water port that gave access to the sea.
Known as New Rome and the Queen City, it had been built to impress, its magnificent public monuments, decorated with statuary set in an elegant classical urban landscape.
Its apparent invincibility and famous reputation made it a great prize.
The city was also reputed to be hugely wealthy. While the Turks had no interest in its famous collection of Christian relics, the fact that many were made of solid gold and silver, decorated with huge gems and ancient cameos, was of importance.
Their existence added weight to the rumor that Constantinople contained vast stores of gold, a claim which cannot have been true by By the early fifteenth century the city had lost all its provinces to Turkish occupation and was totally isolated. The Ottomans had conquered all the lands around the city of Constantinople Herrin, By the time Mehmed II rose to power in the 15th century, Ottoman desire for Constantinople had reached a fever pitch.
The army defending Constantinople comprised just 8, soldiers, but they manned a virtually impregnable bastion, dominated by the four-mile Walls of Theodosius. Surrounded by water on three sides and buttressed by three gated land walls, the fortress city had thwarted invaders for more than a millennium.
Its walls had proved resistant to traditional medieval siege technology, but Mehmed had a secret weapon.The Ottoman Empire was an imperial state that was founded in after growing out of the break-down of several Turkish tribes.
The empire then grew to include many areas in what is now present-day Europe to and it eventually became one of the largest, most powerful and longest-lasting empires in. Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire Founded by the Turkish House of Ottoman, the Ottoman Empire endured from roughly to the First World War.
For years, the Ottoman Empire was the dominant political, cultural, and military force in the Middle East. Ottoman Empire Research Paper This sample Ottoman Empire Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Free research papers are not written by our writers, they are contributed by users, so we are not responsible for the content of this free sample paper.
Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire was founded in the first half of the fourteenth century AD by Osman I who became chieftain of a pastoral tribe that then reigned over northwestern Anatolia and engaged in periodic encroachments on Byzantine dominions. Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire was founded in the first half of the fourteenth century AD by Osman I who became chieftain of a pastoral tribe that then reigned over northwestern Anatolia and engaged in periodic encroachments on Byzantine dominions.
Introduction. The Ottoman Empire is considered one of the most extensive, long-lasting and influential empires in world history. Its territories extend to the eastern Roman Empire, the northern Balkans and to the north of the Black Sea coast.