Enlightenment philosophers unanimously excoriated all elements of the corporate society, which was ruled by landed elites wedded to the feudal ethos of conquest and the subsequent hoarding of resources.
Many of the world's political systems are based on the values and concepts evident in liberalism. Historically, the ideals of liberalism were revolutionary especially during the time of this ideology's emergence.
However, in order to fully comprehend the strengths and weaknesses of liberalism it is necessary to examine the preceding form of rule; colonialism. Colonialism from a modern standpoint is considered to be a "system of domination" Colonialism, pg 4.
Generally it is viewed as a system of rule that resulted in the destruction of land, people and cultures; the disastrous effects of which are still echoing around the world.
However, I will argue that even though liberalism and colonialism have several significant differences; there are few similarities between the two.
The similarities between liberalism and colonialism constitute conflicts within liberalism and Liberalism and colonialism conflicts are evident in today's political structures. The purpose of liberalism was to promote individual freedom and equality, yet some of the presuppositions Liberalism and colonialism liberalism were based on the inequalities of colonialism.
To prove this the following will compare and contrast colonialism and liberalism by examining in each the definitions of the forms of rule and how they emerged, the central focus core conceptsas well as the assumptions and contradictions both entail.
In terms of definition liberalism and colonialism are so starkly different it seems almost impossible to conceive of any similarities between the two. According to Osterhammel the definition of colonialism is: The fundamental decisions affecting the lives of the colonized people are made and implemented by the colonial rulers in pursuit of interests that are often defined in a distant metropolis.
Rejecting cultural compromises with the colonized population, the colonizers are convinced of their own superiority and their ordained mandate to rule" Osterhammel, p The basis of colonialism is a system of inequality, participants seek out weaker states and "uncivilized" peoples and strip them of their culture, rights and in many cases subject them to slavery for economic gain.
An example of this would be the promise of slaves by France to encourage settlers of New France. Colonialism emerged with the breakdown of feudalism in the fourteenth century. During this time period crusades were under way and this led to opening routes of travel for Europeans.
These routes led Europeans to the discovery of the "New World". In turn, this discovery led to conquest and the forced application of European government to the "New World".
A point that is interesting to note and will be discussed further at a later point is that during the period of colonial rule, a simultaneous emergence of the nation-state is occurring Treaty of Westphalia - as well as the resulting "territorially bound sovereignty" Lecture Notes, Wk.
However, the ideal of sovereignty appears to be applicable only to European states, this is evident in the fact the colonialism remained ever rampant at this time. During the emergence of the nation-state the fact that colonialism was occurring was completely ignored.
Also occurring is the rise of Royal Absolutism which was encouraged by the processes of colonialism.
Nevertheless, the principles of the Treaty of Westphalia are a basis for emerging liberal ideologies at this time. In contrast to colonialism, the definition of liberalism according to Held was used to "signify the attempt to uphold the values of freedom of choice, reason and toleration in the face of tyranny, the absolutist system and religious intolerance," Held, p Later on in the discussion Held adds to this definition that "liberalism became associated with the doctrine that individuals should be free to pursue their own preferences in religious, economic and political affairs- in fact, in most matters that affected everyday life.
In addition to the introduction of sovereignty a major factor in the emergence of liberalism was the separation of religion and the state.
With the surfacing of absolutism and the idea of the monarch having divine right which was based on the law of God; abuses of power began to take place.
This resulted in the spark of the French Revolution which caused new ways of thinking about religion.Liberalism is both egalitarian and inegalitarian, it stresses both the unity of mankind and the hierarchy of cultures, it is both tolerant and intolerant, peaceful and violent, .
Introduction: the meanings of liberalism in colonial India This book is a study of some central themes of Indian political and social. Oct 01, · In colonialism the colonialized territory maintains its separate geographical identity.
The result of neo-colonialism is that foreign capital is used for the exploitation rather than for the development of the less developed parts of the world. Investment under neo-colonialism increases rather than decreases the gap between the rich and the poor countries of. Liberalism and colonialism: a critique of Locke and Mill Bhikhu Parekh Liberalism is both egalitarian and inegalitarian, it stresses both the unity of mankind and the hierarchy of cultures, it is both tolerant and intolerant, peaceful and violent, pragmatic and dogmatic, skeptical and self-righteous. Liberalism is both egalitarian and inegalitarian, it stresses both the unity of mankind and the hierarchy of cultures, it is both tolerant and intolerant, peaceful and violent, .
colonialism does not change the political map of a nation. There is no recent examples, so during old days the kings used to attack the neighboring kingdoms .
Liberalism and Colonialism The form of rule known as liberalism is one that is generally accepted worldwide as an ideology which is rational and promotes freedom, life, 4/4(1). Liberalism and Colonialism. Liberalism and Colonialism The form of rule known as liberalism is one that is generally accepted worldwide as an ideology which is rational and promotes freedom, life, liberty and protection of individual rights/5(1).
LIBERALISM AND COLONIALISM ARTHUR SHENFIELD EDITORIAL NOTE: Libertarians debate the “proper” attitude to adopt to-wards imperialism.
There are varieties of imperialism and an appropriate response would acknowledge their content. One problem is the failure to realise that im-.