Since the early twentieth century it has been subject to conflicting claims of Jewish and Arab national movements, leading to ongoing violence. Palestinian children in Jenin, A coffee house in Palestine, c.
The Population of Palestine Prior to Introduction The population figures for mandatory and Turkish Palestine are of historical interest and figure in many historical debates.
The Zionist claim that Palestine was "a land without a people" is challenged by pro-Palestinian historians who cite census figures showing a substantial Palestinian-Arab population by The Zionists note that most of this increase seems to have occurred afterwhen Jews began developing Palestine.
In particular, Joan Peters "From Time Immemorial" claimed that a large proportion of the population increase among Arabs was due to immigration.
Pro-Palestinian historians try to make a case that Zionist settlement had begun displacing Palestinians before The goal of the present is to examine the claims in the light of the best available statistical data, without supporting the contentions of either side, and without any intention either to denigrate from the tragedy of Palestinian refugees or to use the data to question Jewish claims to Palestine.
The moral claims of the sides should not depend on percentages of population. In practice, I am aware that the data on this page have been used to support various partisan claims. That is precisely the sort of abuse that this material is intended to fight.
We can reach some general conclusions - Palestine was not empty when Zionists started arriving, there was some Arab immigration as well etc.
But we cannot give a precise number in any case, and even if we could, it would not constitute evidence to back any moral claims. Uncertainties in the data - Debates about the population of Palestine flourish because of the lack of good information and confusion over the meaning of census figures, and the will of partisans to distort history.
Census figures of the Ottoman Empire were unreliable.
Foreign residents were not counted, and illegal residents did their best to evade the census, as did people wishing to evade military services and taxes. The population figures of the British mandate were more reliable, but there was no published census taken after Mandatory figures for the period after are based on hospital and immigration records and extrapolation, it seems.
Those who became settled in Palestine would then add to population figures. In studying the population of Palestine between andwe must keep in mind that there was only one agreed-upon reliable census in all that time, which took place in The British census of was taken in less than settled conditions, and may have undercounted the population.
The Ottoman figures certainly undercounted. The census data of and and the estimates based on these censuses have also been challenged but they appear to be internally consistent. That is, in the main, the number of people reported by the British mandate in and is consistent with the rates of natural increase that they reported.
The numbers given in the survey are aboutor more below what would be expected based on the number of refugees and remaining population in Uncertainties in infant mortality and underreporting of births would not account for all of this discrepancy.
It could be due to illegal immigration or in part to settling of nomadic Bedouins in the Palestinian Arab population. Arab population also increased at an exceptional rate. In the same period, about 5, non-Jews left. This does not count illegal immigration of course, or immigration prior to During the last few centuries, the world, Christians included, has fallen into a bad habit.
We have bought into some early Roman propaganda. We have used the name Palestine, which Roman Emperor Hadrian placed on the country of Israel in A.D., for so long that it has become common usage.
Israeli soldiers detain year-old Fawzi al-Junaidi in Hebron amid protests in December over the US decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
The Israeli Palestinian conflict is the conflict that has been going on between Israel and Palestine. It refers to the political tensions and hostilities between the Arab and Jewish community in the Middle East that lasted over a century.
This article includes a list of related items that share the same name (or similar names). If an internal link incorrectly led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Essay The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is of current importance and interest because, although it was solved, there is a great probability that it may break out again.
The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is an ongoing tension between Israelis and the Palestinians being regarded as an indispensable part of the wider Arab–Israeli conflict.
Since the State of Israel is in the center of the conflict between the Arab population and Zionists.